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About Freestyle Frisbee
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What is it about Freestyle Frisbee that has captured the imagination of so many players around the world? Is it the flight of the disc, how it hovers in the wind? Is it the seemingly endless number of moves you can learn - whether it be trick throws, catches, tips, spins, brushes or rolls? Is it the spirit of the players, old and young who freely share their moves with new players - even if they don't speak the same language? Whatever the cause, there seems to be no cure for freestyle fever, so newbies beware, it's highly contagious!

In Freestyle Frisbee there are no set rules about how to do a move, players are encouraged to create new moves and to develop their own style. Freestyling or 'jamming' can at times be like an art form - when a player is no longer thinking about the moves and is just flowing with the disc.


The first Freestyle Championships were held in 1974, which was also the year the nail delay (spinning the frisbee on your finger) was invented. Being able to control the spinning disc on the finger led to invention of many new moves and soon new styles of play began to emerge. The California west coast style was based on flow featuring air brushes, rolls and moves into the wind. The New York east coast style was based more on technical moves and featured more center delay moves.

The convergence of both styles took place when Joey Hudoklin and Richie Smits moved from New York City to Venice Beach, California in the late 1970's, they eventually ended up in Santa Barbara. Joey, widely recognized as the greatest freestyler of all time, combined both styles in ways never before imagined and Santa Barbara's Palm Park would become the freestyle mecca for years to come.

(See Skippy Jammer's retrospective on Frisbee Freestyle for more info)

Where people play

Currently, freestyle niches exist in almost every corner of the globe but it's most popular in North America and Europe with a large number of players coming from cities like Seattle, San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York, Milan, Rome, Paris, Amsterdam, Berlin, Stockholm, Tokyo and Hong Kong.

(See the Freestyle Frisbee Jam Zones page for more info)

Freestyle Frisbee: a sport on the move

Freestyle Frisbee is growing very fast, especially in Europe: Since 2000 the number of events in Europe has risen each year along with the number of players including record turnouts at Paganello (50+), EFC (60+) and the FPA Worlds (100). The schedule for 2007 is shaping up to be the biggest ever with Paganello in Rimini, Italy, the Italian Open in Rome, the '07 FPA World Championships in Amsterdam and the European Freestyle Championships in Roseto. Also there are World Freestyle Challenges being featured in the 2 biggest Extreme Sports events in Europe, NASS (The National Adventure Sports Show) and the White Air Extreme Sports event. The number of European freestylers is now thought to have grown from an estimated 45 players in '99 to over 500 in 2006.

See the Freestyle Frisbee event schedule for the upcoming events and the results page for event reviews and results

Helping fuel the fire in Europe, Nike sponsored Freestyle Face-off Tour where the Nike Freestyle Frisbee Team of Sune Wentzel and Tommy Leitner performed and taught clinics across Europe. Nike also produced an award winning TV Commercial and web site featuring freestylers Dave Murphy, Dave Lewis and Zahlen Titcomb.


Freestyle competitions usually consist of teams of 2 or 3 players performing 4 or 5 minute routines to music. The teams are judged on the technical difficulty and style of the moves they complete.

In 2007 several large events are being planned:

    The Paganello Freestyle Challenge in Rimini, Italy (April 5-7, 2007)

    The FPA World Championships at Bloemendaal beach near Amsterdam, Netherlands (June 21-24, 2007)

    NASS World Freestyle Challenge, at the largest extreme sports event in Europe in Somerset, England (July 7-8, 2007)

    The Masters Championship in Albany, New York (July 13-14, 2007)

    The White Air World Freestyle Challenge, at the 2nd largest extreme sports event in Europe in Sandown on the Isle of Wight, England (held Wednesday and Thursday - August 29-30, 2007)

    The Italian Open, which is evolving into one of the premier events on tour. Great location on Corallo Beach in Ostia (near Rome), Italy (September 1-2, 2007)

    the EFC (European Freestyle Championships), will be back on the beach, this time in Roseto, Italy (September 1-2, 2007)

Learning to play

So, how do you spin a frisbee on your finger? You don't!...You spin it on your finger nail.

To learn to spin the frisbee you'll need a good frisbee, a strong finger nail and a lubricant to keep the surface of the disc slick - silicon spray is most commonly used.

Next, you'll need to spin the disc up to your self (as in the animation on the right), or have someone throw you the frisbee with a good amount of spin. The best way to learn is having the frisbee come to you with a lot of spin and at a level angle.

You can also experiment with tipping and airbrushing the disc as well as trying trick throws and catches.

(See the beginning and advanced tips pages for more info)

Whether you are playing a game of trick throw and catch or trying technical 'against the spin' moves, freestyle is about creating your own moves and your own style, and most of all...having fun!

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What is Freestyle Frisbee?

by Dave Marini, co-founder of the FPA

Freestyle Frisbee is a sport where teams of two or three players perform a routine, which consists of a series of throws, catches and moves, done to music using one or more discs. The routine judged on the basis of difficulty, execution and presentation. The player or team with the best total score is declared the winner.

Freestyle! Such grandiose terms to describe sport. The words "free" and "style" both transcend their task of labeling physical action. They encompass a lifestyle, a philosophy.

In its purest form freestyle is creative movement with a moving disc. The players define the game for themselves as they play. Self-expression is the only common thread stringing together many divergent jewels of creativity. (If one were to search for a definition of our sport, the failure of that search would prove to be its answer. An attempt to shackle freestyle to any one definition or mode of play would be to deny its very essence.)

Allowing for all styles of play

Yet, within a galaxy of possible applications for freestyle, a sizeable number of players have reached an agreement concerning one particular application. Acknowledging the freedom of thought and expression all players are entitled to when they freestyle, players of this lofty pursuit have in effect agreed that they should bring their talents and ideas together at a fixed time and place and share them. But, as is the nature of our species, the sharing is for a price. Players agreed to share their self-expression in return for the chance to be recognized when the sharing was over, as the one who shared the most by presenting their individuality best.

These agreements to meet at fixed times and places have become known as freesytle tournaments. Sharing is now called competition, and displaying one's individuality best, so as to leave with the honor of having shared the most, has been labeled winning. And more and more players want to get in on this agreement.

Because of this development, and only because of it, an artificial means of conceptualizing and comparing individual creativity had to be developed. What resulted are the known and accepted procedures for evaluating the individual creativity of many different, but equally important human beings.

The result we seek by this evaluation is not solely to recognize and label superior talent. We are not our own creators and cannot begin to understand the necessary elements for choosing those superior among us. Our attempts to evaluate will be imperfect at best because we are trying to select the most perfect fruit out of a basket containing nothing but delicious choices.

And we are not so self-defeating as to limit our freedom by proclaiming these evaluation procedures the definition of freestyle. No, the only purpose we can realistically ascribe to our meager attempts at evaluating freedom is that of paying homage to a given moment in time - - simply who, at that moment, was sharing the most.


  • Catch: A controlled termination of the movement momentum of the disc without the disc touching the ground.
  • Combination: One complete sequence by a player or one co-op sequence by players of the same team. Elements may include throw, take-in, move, and catch.
  • Competitors: Includes a player or group of players teaming together.
  • Co-op: One interactive combination by two or more players on a team. A second combination or throw within the team constitutes a separate co-op for judging purposes.
  • Delay: The spinning of the disc without corresponding flight movement, usually by contact with the finger nails of the player, although toes, elbows or other objects are also used.
  • Move: The coordinated or complementary movement of the disc and the player's body, after the take-in is made and prior to a throw or catch. The most varied element of a combination.
  • Movement Momentum: The continued flight, spin, roll or other independent movement of the disc.
  • Take-In: The address by the receiving player to a thrown disc, other than a catch or throw. The take- in may include tips, delays, fakes or any other technique performed by the player which establishes that player's control of the disc, without stopping the disc's continued movement momentum.
  • Throw: Transfer of the disc from one player to another through a tossing motion.

Quick Links

the best freestyle video collection on the net! (by Fabio Sanna in Trieste, Italy)

Check out the player profiles at the official web site of the FPA (by Larry Imperiale in Colorado, US)
a great way to learn new freestyle moves, take a trip to heinsville! (by Jake Gauthier in Oregon, US)
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